How To Prevent Asbestos Exposure At Work

What is asbestos? We have all heard of this material. The name is familiar to us; perhaps we associate it with several construction products that can be dangerous. It may even be that we associate it with some disease of the lungs.

  • But what else do we know?
  • Is it dangerous today or was it dangerous in the past?
  • Are there any products that contain asbestos?
  • Where is it located?
  • How does it affect us?
  • Who can it affect?
  • Are there rights and obligations in relation to asbestos?
  • Do you have what it takes to prevent the exposure?

Let’s go in parts, let’s start by defining WHAT IS ASBESTOS.

“It is known by this term to a family of metamorphic and fibrous minerals, consisting mainly of complex silicates of aluminium, iron, and magnesium.”

How To Prevent Asbestos Exposure At Work

Varieties of asbestos

The most popular types of asbestos are chrysotile (crystalline structure sheets originating from the crystallisation of serpentine rock) and amphiboles (irregular fibrous aggregates in metamorphic rocks). Amphibole includes crocidolite, grunerite (amosite), tremolite, actinolite, and anthophyllite.

The crystalline structure, which induces the shape and size of the fibres, is an important differentiating element between the chrysotile and the amphibole.

The crystalline structure of chrysotile occurs naturally in superposed layers or sheets, which may form fibres with a diameter of between 0.02 and 0.03 microns. The length-diameter ratios of the fibres can be as high as 100/1.

Contrary to chrysotile, amphiboles do not present a single fibre as a structural unit. All amphibole fibres are straight and do not show the typical curvature of chrysotile fibres.

In relation to the size of the fibres, the diameter of the amphibole is of an order of magnitude ten times higher than the chrysotile, with important variations from one variety to another.

The most commonly used varieties were chrysotile, amosite and crocidolite. This last one is the first one that suffered restriction in its commercialisation and use, because of its dangerousness.

The physicochemical properties are particular to each of the varieties of asbestos, which has conditioned their use.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asbestos

However, the most commonly used varieties, chrysotile, amosite and crocidolite, have the following common properties:

Resistance to:

• The high temperatures.

This gives it incombustibility, a property already known from the antiquity that has determined one of its main applications like material of high resistance to the fire. It withstands temperatures above 1000 ° C.

o Electricity.
Asbestos ore is not electrically conductive and therefore a good electrical insulation.

o Abrasion and traction.
Due to the structure of fibres and fibrils, which gives it flexibility and stability, asbestos presents a high degree of resistance to abrasion. The tensile strength depends on the varieties; this classification is accepted, in descending order: crocidolite> chrysotile> amosite> anthophyllite> tremolite> actinolite.

o Aggressive chemicals.
The amphiboles have, in general, good resistance to acids. Among them are crocidolite and amosite, and the best is crocidolite. On the contrary, the chrysotile (serpentines) is weak against acids, even the weaker ones. All varieties of asbestos are very resistant to alkalis.

o Microorganisms.
Inorganic mineral fibre can not be decomposed by any microorganism, such as bacteria or fungi. This gives it the characteristic of non-biodegradability, which makes the materials do not rot.

• Thermal insulation

Because of the large surface area of ​​the fibers, asbestos has a low heat exchange power and is therefore used as an insulator.

• Acoustic insulation

The large internal volume of the fibrous structure of asbestos facilitates the absorption of sound energy.

Effects on health

Inhalation of asbestos fibres can lead to various disorders and diseases, some benign as pleural plaques and other severe or very serious as asbestosis or various types of cancer.

But not all those who have been exposed to asbestos will end up suffering an illness for this fact. Whether or not a disease develops and the type of disease that is present will depend on factors such as:

  • The frequency, intensity, and duration of exposure.
  • The type of asbestos and the characteristics of the fibres.
  • The time spent since the beginning of the exhibition.
  • Continuous exposure to tobacco or other carcinogenic agents.
  • The individual characteristics.

Asbestos mainly affects the respiratory system. Any structure of this apparatus can be affected: bronchi, lung parenchyma (alveoli) or pleura (tissue that covers the lungs). That is why we talk about pleuropulmonary pathology for asbestos.

This pathology has been known for some time, and there is no doubt about its relationship with asbestos. At the beginning of the 20th century, the first cases of asbestos-related pulmonary fibrosis (asbestosis) were described in spinning workers.

ACM removal protocols

The Work Plan is a document that includes the planning of the works with asbestos that must be done to ensure that these are done in a way that does not compromise the safety and health of the workers who perform these tasks, nor the of other people who are in the place where the work is carried out or in its vicinity.

The employer must prepare a Work Plan before beginning each job with the risk of exposure to asbestos.

Points to be provided for a Work Plan for activities at risk of exposure to asbestos

  • Identification data.
  • The work description to be carried out specifying the type of activity: demolition, removal, maintenance or repair, work with waste, etc.
  • Types of material to be intervened indicating whether it is friable (projected asbestos, heat-insulated, insulation, etc.) or non-friable (asbestos cement, asbestos-vinyl, etc.) and, Indicating the quantities to be handled of asbestos or materials containing it.
  • Location of the place where the work should be done.
  • The commencement date and the scheduled duration.
  • List of workers directly involved in work or in contact with the asbestos-containing material, as well as professional categories, trades, training and experience of said workers in specified jobs.
  • Procedures that will be applied and the peculiarities that are required for the adequacy of the procedures in the concrete work that is wanted to realise.
  • The preventive measures envisaged to limit the generation and dispersion of asbestos fibres in the environment, and measures taken to limit workers’ exposure to asbestos.
  • Equipment used for the worker’s protection, specifying the characteristics and number of decontamination units and the type and mode of use of personal protective equipment.
  • Measures taken to avoid the exposure of others in and around the place where work is carried out.
  • Measures to inform workers about the risks they are exposed and the precautions they must take.
  • Measures for disposal of waste according to current legislation, indicating management company and landfill.
  • Preventive resources of the company indicating, in the case that they are extraneous, the concerted activities.
  • The procedure established for the evaluation and control of the working environment as provided in the corresponding Royal Decree.

Individual protection equipment

In relation to Personal Protective Equipment, workers must have FFP3 self-filtering masks or masks with P3-type particulate filters and single-use working hoods. The other possible risks caused by the activity and the environment where the work is carried out must also be foreseen.

Precautionary measures

  • Handle the material with asbestos as little as possible and with care.
  • Avoid breaking the material with asbestos.
  • Avoid dispersion of friable materials by injection techniques with wetting liquids that penetrate the entire mass.
  • Use tools that generate the minimum amount of dust. Manuals are preferable.
  • To work in wet, avoiding the use of pressure in the application of water that can cause the dispersion of fibres.
  • Work with localised air extraction systems using absolute filters.

Work method

In order to remove these old ACMs, it is first necessary to soak their surface with an aqueous solution of encapsulating liquid, in order to avoid the emission of asbestos fibres due to the accidental movement or breakage of the contaminated materials.

The method of work consists of disassembling the entire fibro-cement sheets and avoiding breakage. The anchor points must be removed with great care, starting with the highest area. If the fasteners have to be cut, the rotary machines must be avoided due to the high dust emission they cause.

Packaging and Identification

The plates shall be packed with a plastic of sufficient strength to prevent breakage and shall be marked with the asbestos label.

Final cleaning

Once the sheets have been removed, the entire support structure of the cover will be cleaned by suctioning with HEPA vacuum.

The Work Plan should contemplate that once the demolition or asbestos removal in Adelaide tasks are completed, it must be ensured that there are no risks due to asbestos exposure in the workplace.

Asbestos waste

At the end of the dismantling, the asbestos cement sheets will be considered as asbestos waste. Asbestos waste will always be collected separately from other waste that can be generated in demolition, repairs and removal work with asbestos.

It should be specified that all asbestos-contaminated material (filters, work appendages, masks, wet rags, etc.) must be disposed of as asbestos waste and should be managed as such.

Waste transportation

For the transfer of asbestos waste, it must be taken into account that the transporter:

  • must be authorised by the Environment Protection Agency.
  • must have the corresponding generic plan of asbestos approved by the Labor Authority.
  • must apply what is specified in the regulations for road transport of dangerous goods.

Landfill

The final destination of asbestos waste is the hazardous waste landfill.

5 Unique Accessories For Room Walls

The rooms that become the ‘headquarters’ of each person sometimes feel bored. Well, there is a way to work around it, namely by giving a touch of decoration on the wall.

Not only in the bedroom at home, but you can also apply it in the boarding room. Here are the options:

Photo Collection

Photo Collection

Have lots of friends? Or are you a fairly narcissistic person? If so, you can get the look of the bedroom using photos. In this case, of course, you need enough photos to be able to meet one part of the wall.

Want to look more attractive? Do not use frames! Print as many photos as possible with various sizes, then arrange on one part of the wall of the room. You can neatly arrange it or even let it look messy.

Poster Collection

Poster Collection

Lack of confidence by displaying many photos in the room? Alternatively, you can post a poster from a favourite band or character. As with a photo, it’s best to display as much as possible. The size also needs a diverse so as not to appear monotonous.

On the other hand, as much as possible do not display posters with a neat arrangement. Make it look irregular! If you want to make the wall look full, which combines the placement of large and small poster arrangements.

Small Lamp

Small Lamp

Well, this one decoration spelt a lot of rages, ranging from teenagers to adults. No need to complicate, you just need to buy a small stringed luminaire. The longer the size of the rope, the more it can be made more varied.

There are also a variety of colour lights to choose from, but if you want to look attractive and soundly sleep, just use a yellow light. Oh, yes, make a unique pattern on the wall so that when turned on, it will look beautiful!

Sports Equipment

Sports Equipment

Liked one of the sports? It could not hurt to decorate the walls of the room using accessories from the sport. For example, you like skateboarding sports, and then it can display some skateboard board on the wall like the one in the picture.

Cleanliness of the room certainly needs to be maintained. Therefore, sports equipment on display should be clean and not used every day. In other words, you are advised to display which is a private collection.

Origami

origami

Have enough creativity? Try to beautify the wall by making a unique origami shaped. Choose colourful paper to make the room more lively and look cheerful, but can also choose a black colour to create an impression of elegance.

The form that is suitable for display on the wall is that resemble animals, such as geese and butterflies. Make as much as possible, then arrange on the wall to resemble a particular pattern.

There are some accessories that you can choose to decorate the bedroom wall. Now your ‘headquarters’ will be more comfortable and look more attractive. Which do you like best? Let’s apply in the room immediately!

8 Tips To Remember When Getting A Great Garage Door Opener

With all the diverse garage door opener models out there, selecting one that suits you can be tricky. Buying a car or a house can be just as boring.

You have to do an extensive study on all the numerous brands, types and models available. Below I will show you what you need to look out for in an opener.

8 Tips To Remember When Getting A Great Garage Door Opener

Look at the right factors:

1. What style of a garage door do you own?

You have to take into account the sort of your garage door. Is your garage door a tilt-up, roll-up or a local style? Not all garage door openers may fit all door types.

While the sectional sort appears to have been a popular selection earlier, nowadays the local variety is the most widespread.

2. Choose an opener for your door weight

Knowing the weight of your garage door is very important. If you use a heavy door with a second-rate low-power motor that doesn’t sustain it, your motor will stop.

If you have a light door then using the most heavy-duty motor may not be the suitable use of your cash. Strong motors may be able to handle any weight, but your bank account may not handle the price for that type of motors.

3. Ceiling height

Owning a garage with a low ceiling can be tremendously limiting if you want to own a remote garage door opener, all the traditional openers on railings don’t fit.

You do have an alternative though of purchasing a wall mounted opener just like the Liftmaster Professional series of openers.

If you own an exceptionally high ceiling or you want to use the space above the garage door opener, you will have a difficult time using the standard rail mounted opener that operates above the garage door.

The wall mounted openers like the Liftmaster 3800 are perfect in these types of situations.

4. Check out the security

Break-ins through the garage door have recently become overly popular, making extra security an essential selection of homes. Manual dead bolts are great, but automatic dead bolts are amazing.

Some openers include or have optional automatic dead bolts connected to the opener, making your home safer. Criminals utilize a trick called the coat-hanger trick to open garage openers from their track, making the perfect way into houses.

I know of two things that can prevent this from occurring, shielding the release mechanism or installing your opener flat on the wall. That way muggers are not able to unlock the door by using a metal wire.

5. Safety

Safety mechanisms play a big role when getting a garage door opener. The essential safety factor in a garage door opener is without a doubt the protection against being pinned down.

You can find openers that check the pressure automatically when closing the garage door and stop or even reverse the garage door when they encounter an obstruction.

Included with some openers are infrared eyes that can assist you to add more safety features to your garage. The garage door opener will stop or reverse if the garage door is being closed and someone breaks the infrared beam.

If they are supported, they are either optional or included in the package.

6. Warranty

Long warranty periods on products often point out that the manufacturer used higher quality parts when manufacturing their products.

Manufacturers vary in warranty lengths, but good manufacturers like Liftmaster and Wayne Dalton make sure to select good parts in their products. Models like the Liftmaster 3800 have great warranty lengths.

7. Operating Noise

Noises in a garage door openers can be very annoying for residents living nearby. Of all garage door openers types out there, the wall mounted units are probably the quietest.

8. Does the opener have additional accessories?

Having access to accessories for any electronics is essential (think computers and USB drives).

You never know when you want added features like laser assisted parking or battery backup in case of power outage. That is why I think it is crucial to select an opener with a great selection of available accessories.

Tips on How to Get a Clean Carpet

If the carpet looks a bit dirty, you might consider cleaning it straightaway. The difference after you clean it will surprise you. Use the tips in this article to learn how to choose and recruit the best companies and make the most of your time and money.

Tips on How to Get a Clean Carpet

How to choose a pro?

1. Avoid the company that offer the lowest price

Of course, you want to save money, but when it comes to cleaning the carpet, the company who offer the lowest price may not be the best option.

Sometimes this company offers a low price just to get a foot in the door. Once they come to your home, they identify many other upsell issues and allow you to purchase a more expensive service.

First, make quality-based decisions and make recommendations and consider prices as a secondary option.

2. Ask for the included service

The advertised price when you see when shopping for a carpet cleaning company is usually just a base price. Additional services will cost you more, and you need to know these other costs.

As the carpet company called it, ask what is included in the quoted price.

  • Will they move furniture for you?
  • Will they clean up areas with high traffic?
  • Is there an extra charge for cleaning the stairs?
  • These are the types of questions you should ask before making a decision to hire.

3. Consider its employees

When using a carpet cleaner, you leave a stranger in your home. Make sure that you only hire companies that check their employees and conduct criminal background checks.

A qualified carpet cleaning company should take responsibility for their employees and make changes if your carpet or articles are damaged during the cleaning process.

Carpet cleaning process

  • When cleaning the carpet, make sure to remove all large objects such as toys and furniture. The last thing you want to do is getting a place with a lot of dirt because something is covering the area. This will help you become more efficient when cleaning it.
  • When working, focus most of your attention to where people sit in front of the couch. This is usually the point where you will find more dirt and bacteria while cleaning. Do this area at least three times during the cleaning process.
  • Before cleaning, you should always vacuum the carpet. Use a good vacuum with strong suction strength to clean loose dirt and debris before using water or solvent detergents. Applying detergent on a dirt-filled rug only add more problems. If you need to clean the carpet stain, make sure it is dry before vacuuming.

Conclusion

The first step is to prepare the carpet for cleaning. Clean the area before starting cleaning the carpet. Before cleaning the carpet is important to remove loose soil and debris.

For optimal results, all problem areas must be clean first with appropriate cleaning products before using carpet cleaners.

Once your home is professionally cleaned, you will never be worried again! Fortunately, this article has helped you to find a reliable carpet cleaning company. Let the experts handle the rug and help revive it!